Establishing the Farm

Poultry

Pursue a bachelor’s degree in agriculture or business. While not required, most aspirational farm owners complete an undergraduate degree first. To better prepare for a career in chicken farming, choose a bachelor’s degree in agriculture, business, or a niche major like farm administration or poultry science if your college offers it.

  • If you choose agriculture or poultry science, add a business minor (or vice-versa) to take classes on marketing, leadership, and other relevant topics.
  • Get your degree online if you don’t have time for a traditional four-year degree


Create a business plan
 for your chicken farm. Write an outline for how you plan to run your chicken farm and what your long-term goals are for the next 3-5 years. Include information like your history, structure, objectives, vision, products, target demographic, and marketing strategy in the plan. Once you’ve written the outline, review it with an established farmer or business advisor, and revise your plan based on their suggestion.[7]

  • If you’re running an meat productions farm, for example, you could include your plans for raising and butchering chickens, revenue goals or the first year, and plans for marketing your poultry products in stores.
  • Business plans are useful for attracting investors or business partners down the road.


Apply
 for a loan to fund your chicken farm if necessary. If you don’t have enough money for your supplies, schedule an appointment with your local bank. Discuss your financial history, business goals, and monetary needs with the loan advisor to apply for and secure a loan.[8]

  • Bring a business outline, evidence of your credit history, pay stubs, and anything else requested by the bank to your meeting.
  • Start with a loan for the minimum amount of equipment and chickens for your farm. You can always get a larger loan as your business grows.

Purchase all of the necessary equipment for your chicken farm. The type of equipment you need will depend on whether you’re running an egg-laying or meat production farm. Head to an agricultural supply store to purchase the necessary equipment, which may include:[9]

  • Brooders
  • Cages
  • Coops
  • Crates
  • Egg trays
  • Feeders
  • Incubator
  • Lighting instruments
  • Nests
  • Perches
  • Waterers or heaters
  • Waste disposal system

Determine whether to hire laborers for your farm. How much manpower you’ll need depends on the size of your farm. If you have less than 200-500 birds, you should be able to run the farm by yourself. Otherwise, especially if you want to grow your farm, you may need additional help.

  • Start with a small farm so you don’t have to pay workers until your chicken farm business is successful.

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