Snail farming in Nigeria is a very popular and lucrative agricultural business individuals can venture into due to its low capital intensity and presently it is providing one of the finest opportunity to make money within a short period of time. Snail has a huge demand in Nigeria market because of its unique taste and nutritional value.
Snail meat contain a high amount of protein, iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and very low in fat. Snail pie is recommended as a cheap source of protein and iron for school-age children and young mothers and could contribute in the fight against iron deficiency anaemia.
Another vital reason for snail farming business in Nigeria is it’s economic value. Some people consider the snail farming as a good money spinning venture. You can make good earning from snail farming within a very short time.
“The land snail is a readily available and affordable source of animal protein, inhabits a lot of green forest and swamps of most developing countries including Nigeria, “It is also increasingly cultivated, although in the West it is more familiar as an unusual pet than a pie.
Land snails belongs to the class of Molluscan, Gastropod popularly known as ‘Congo Meat‘ in many parts of Africa. Nigerian’s called it Eju or Igbin. There are so many species of snails but the types we are looking at here are the ones that are suitable for commercial Snail Farming in Africa.
Commercial snail farming has become an alternative for livestock farmers as it offers them new business opportunities. Snail farming is thriving at the moment in Nigeria because it was neglected and overlooked. Snail breeding can yield quick money if the farmer understands the nitty-gritty of the modern techniques and type of species that are in high demand in Nigeria, Europe, USA and other developed countries.
In terms of cost and time, snail farming is a low risk business and profitable unlike many other livestock businesses, snail farming requires very little start up and operating costs. Someone can start with N50, 000 to N150, 000 depending on the size of your farm
Advantages of Snail Farming in Nigeria
The main benefits of snail farming in Nigeria are listed below.
- Snails are hermaphroditic in nature and highly reproductive. Both male and female reproductive organs are available in each snail. As a result the snails can reproduce very fast.
- One snail can lay eggs 6 time in a year. Each time they lay more than 80 to 100 eggs.
- Snail meat is better than any other red meat. And it is enriched with highly nutrition ingredients.
- Snail meat is high in iron, protein, calcium and phosphorus and very low in cholesterol, sodium and fat. As a result, snail meat is highly recommended by the dietitians and doctors for the patients and general people.
- Snail meat is very delicious and widely popularly accepted all over the Nigeria. And there is no religious or tribal taboo consuming the snail meat.
- Snail has a great market all over the Nigeria and in the West African regions.
- The business tasks related to snail farming in Nigeria like financing, producing, servicing, processing, sorting, transporting and marketing can make a great sector of employment of unemployed people.
- Domestic snail farming in Nigeria can meet up the family nutrition demands.
- Commercial snail production can decrease the importation of frozen meat or fish from the foreign country. This can save money and make the economy of Nigeria strong.
- Through widely commercial snail farming in Nigeria, some extra income can be made along with meeting up the national demand.
- Establishing a snail farm in Nigeria by using modern technologies, require less capital investment and produce much within a very short period. Running costs also very low.
- Risk of losses are less compared to other types of livestock farming system.
- Every parts of snail body is usable.
- You can make ten times more profit from snail farming in Nigeria within a year without any risk.
- Snail farming is not time consuming and there are no stress, odour, noise and irritation.
- You can easily do snail farming business with your current occupation.
Steps for Starting Snail Farming in Nigeria
For snail farming in Nigeria, you have to go through some step by step process. I have described some steps here for starting commercial snail farming business in Nigeria.
Appropriate Soil for Snail Farming In Nigeria
Let bear in mind that soil is the main habitat of snail. For successful snail farming in Nigeria, the selected land for this business must have to contain some of the components and chemical substances which are necessary for surviving the snails. For this reason, all types of soil are not suitable for commercial snail farming.
The shell of the snail is mainly calcium and they derive most of the calcium from the soil. They drink water from the soil and also lay eggs on the soil. For successful farming you must have to select a such suitable place with availability of all types of necessary facilities for the snails.
The suitable soil for snail farming must contain these elements. Must be balanced, not waterlogged, not too dry, and must not be acidic. The most desirable soil for snail is sandy soil, loamy soil with low water holding capacity is perfect in for snail farming in Nigeria. Clayey soil and acidic soil must be avoided.
However, snails are easily dehydrated. Dryness occurs in snails due to moisture loose in snail. Wind increase the rate of moisture loose in snails. So, it will be advisable to select a good area or location for the establishment of the snail farming business.
Suitable Area or Environment for Snail Farming in Nigeria
For preventing the snails from losing water form their body quickly, you have to place the snail farm in wind protected place void of any wind interference. An area with many trees can make perfect environment for snail farming in Nigeria.